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The birthplace of the Weishui River of thousands of miles, there is a magical phenomenon of “birds and mice in the same cave”, which was selected as the “50 Scenic Spots of the Yellow River”


It is the birthplace of Huize, Shanxi and Gansu provinces, and the Weihe River that runs through Longqin. It is one of the important birthplaces of Chinese civilization, and it is also one of the “50 Scenic Spots of the Yellow River in China”, which is a typical representative of Yellow River tourism. The natural scenery here is beautiful, and the culture has a long history. There is a magical phenomenon of “birds and mice in the same cave”. There is a saying that “the rats are inside, the birds are outside, and they give birth to each other without harming each other.” Weiyuan water has been passed down from generation to generation”. It is the source of the Weishui River in Weiyuan County, Dingxi, Gansu.

We know that the Wei River, which flows through dozens of cities and counties in Gansu and Shaanxi provinces, is the largest tributary of the Yellow River. It has a total length of 818 kilometers and accommodates approximately 270 large and small rivers. It is one of the oldest rivers in China. This is the birthplace of the ancestors Fuxi and Nuwa in ancient Chinese legends. It is the origin of the first ancestors of the Chinese people, Xuanyuan Huangdi and Shennongyan. Legendary stories such as Emperor Wen’s “Baling Tuomeng” are one of the oldest habitats of the Chinese nation and one of the earliest birthplaces of Chinese culture. But who would have thought that the source of such a mighty Weihe River, which is dwindling thousands of miles day by day, is the three-eyed clear spring hidden in the depths of a mountain named after “birds and mice”? This mountain is the uncommon mountain Niaoshushan, which is known by the Scriptures. This eye spring is the “Pinzi Spring” in the deep forest on the south side of the mountain. Niaoshu Mountain, recorded in the “Shanhai Jing·Xishan Jing” as “Birds and Rats with the Same Cavern Mountain”, is located about 10 kilometers southwest of Weiyuan County, Gansu, and belongs to the remnant of Kunlun Mountains. It is the watershed of the two rivers of Tao and Wei. The birthplace of the Weihe River. There are many historical records about this mountain. For example, in Shangshu·Yugong, it was mentioned that Yu had “guided the Wei from the same cave and the mountain with birds and mice” during the water management. The record of “Niaoshushan in the south of Weiguting in Shouyang County, Longxi Province” and so on. The name is called because there are a lot of birds and rodents in the mountains, and the geographical environment is particularly special. There are no trees for birds to make nests to lay eggs. In order to ensure the safety of their eggs, the birds decided to settle in mice. In the cave, over time, the bird and the mouse are mutually beneficial and coexist in harmony, and there is a scene of “birds and mice in the same cave” that people have seen. In fact, there are many legends about the same cave with birds and mice. It is said that the bird and the mouse were changed by a loving couple. The wife is hardworking and kind, but the husband is lazy. Although the days are poor, he is respectful and respectful. The husband often admires the birds in the sky, being leisurely and free from labor. One day his wife accidentally rescued the Dragon King of the Weihe River by the river. In order to repay her, the Dragon King asked her to go to the opposite mountain when the cock cried the next day. When the appointment was made, the husband was lazy, and when his wife climbed to the top of the mountain. He just arrived at the mountainside, so the Weihe Dragon King gave his wife a pair of wings that could fly into the sky, but the husband only got a pair of sharp teeth for eating wild fruits. The wife can’t forget the husband she loved, so she went to live with her husband in the cave. This is the beautiful legend of the same cave with birds and mice. Since we talked about Niaoshu Mountain, of course we have to talk about the “Pinzi Spring” at the source of the Weihe River hidden deep in the mountain forest. As the name suggests, Pinzi Spring is composed of clear springs with three eyes in the structure of “Ping”, and each spring has very ancient legends. The “Legend Whip Spring” was named after the word “Legend Whip” was written here by the king of Tang. It is said that Li Shimin, Emperor Taizong of Tang Dynasty, passed by here during his western expedition. When drinking water in the spring, he accidentally dropped his whip and disappeared. So he wrote down the word “Legend Whip” by the spring as a mark. “Yu Yangquan” was named because it was called a divine spring by Yu. The Temple of King Yu by the spring was built to commemorate Yu’s governance of the Wei River. When Dayu and the God of Water worked together in a decisive battle here, his soldiers drank the spring when they were tired of people and horses. They felt refreshed and morale. They defeated Gonggong in one fell swoop and won the victory in water control. “Tuyunquan” is said to be the “Dragon Pond” of the Dragon King of the Weihe River. According to legend, someone once saw the Dragon King here spit out smoke and clouds, spreading clouds and rain, and it is said that it rains whenever there is bubbling in the spring. Of course, in addition to the profound historical and cultural background, and the rich cultural landscape, the natural scenery of Niaoshu Mountain is also extremely beautiful. Here, the green hills are like Daisies, the clear waters are like practice, the forests are dense, and the ecology is excellent. If you have the opportunity to go to Gansu, you must take a look.