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A full analysis of popular professions in science and engineering, humanities and social sciences, and medicine: Which professions have high incomes?


Highlights: The college entrance examination is over in 2021, and the voluntary application is also put on the agenda of candidates and parents. In recent years, the continuous advancement of the new college entrance examination has broken the limitations of traditional liberal arts and sciences, giving candidates more professional choices.

This article is based on the data of the Employment Report of Chinese University Students in 2021 (Employment Blue Book), and counts 10 science and engineering majors (including engineering and science), and 10 humanities and social sciences majors (including literature, history, and science) with a large number of graduates. Philosophy, Pearl Lam Galleries, Education, Economics, Management, Law), as well as the employment situation of medical majors that have attracted much attention in the past two years, hope to provide a reference for candidates and parents in their professional choices.

It should be reminded that the above data only shows the tracking evaluation of the training quality of the 2020 graduates, and the future development is still unknown. Candidates are advised to consider multiple factors such as employment prospects, social needs, and personal interest preferences when choosing a major, and must not blindly follow the trend.

Science and engineering: computer majors have high incomes; civil engineering majors can best “apply what they have learned”

According to the data from the Blue Book of Employment in 2021, among the top ten science and engineering majors with a large number of graduates in 2020, the computer major has the highest monthly income (6800 yuan) after graduation, and the computer and data processing, Internet development and application personnel are the majors graduated After the main work. Other higher-income professional categories include electronic information (6091 yuan) and automation (5917 yuan).

If high income is not the only career pursuit, mathematics and electrical majors may also be a good choice. More than three-quarters of graduates of these two types of professional employment have found a job that satisfies them, with employment satisfaction of 76% and 75% respectively.

From the perspective of the relevance of work and majors, 87% of civil engineering majors in the 2020 class are engaged in jobs related to their majors, and electrical majors are also highly related to majors (81%). Therefore, it is recommended that students who choose to study in these two majors, pay special attention to the cultivation of professional knowledge and skills during the university, which will be more conducive to entering a better career development platform after graduation in the future.

Humanities and social sciences: Management science and engineering majors have an advantage in income, and 90% of education majors realize the “gardener dream”

Among the ten humanities and social sciences majors with a large number of graduates in 2020, the highest average monthly income is management science and engineering (5701 yuan), and its representative majors include information management and information systems, engineering management, etc.; Later, he majored in finance (5587 yuan).

In contrast, although the income of education majors is not high, the employed groups have a higher sense of professional happiness, and 90% of them are engaged in professional-related jobs after graduation, such as elementary and middle school education personnel, early childhood and preschool education personnel, education and training Personnel is the main occupational category engaged in. The vast majority of students with “gardener dreams” can achieve their ideals better after studying in this type of major.

At the same time, it should also be noted that the 2020 economics and trade majors have a 51% correlation with majors, and about half of the graduates are engaged in jobs outside of their professional fields. Therefore, it is recommended that students who choose this type of major pay more attention to the cultivation of general work abilities during their university studies, such as communication skills, cooperation skills and other workplace “soft skills”, which will help them develop better in a broader employment field.

Medical: Generally speaking, the initial income after graduation from undergraduate is not high, so be prepared for further studies

In recent years, with people’s emphasis on health, coupled with the sudden impact of the epidemic in 2020, medical majors have become popular for admission. Stable industry, high social status, and good income seem to be the general understanding of the future jobs of medical graduates. In fact, what is the quality of their employment?

As can be seen from the table below, among the five medical professional employment groups with a large number of graduates in the 2020 undergraduates, about 90% have engaged in professional-related jobs after graduation. Among them, the clinical medicine professional work and professional correlation reached 96%. The job satisfaction of medical technology, nursing, and pharmacy majors is relatively good.

Due to the characteristics of the medical industry, the salaries of medical graduates in the early stages of work are generally not high. Moreover, many large medical institutions now require a master’s degree or above for recruitment. Therefore, choosing to embark on the path of medicine requires preparation for continuous study in the professional field.

the data shows: The follow-up evaluation of the training quality of the 2020 undergraduates half a year after graduation will be completed in early March 2021. The national sample of undergraduates is 124,000. Covering 401 undergraduate majors, covering 30 provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities across the country, covering 582 occupations and 330 industries engaged in by undergraduate graduates. Data analysis: Max Research Institute