Home Business Population changes in 15 new first-tier cities: 11 cities exceed 10 million,...

Population changes in 15 new first-tier cities: 11 cities exceed 10 million, and Chengdu has the largest increase in 10 years


[ 直辖市重庆以3205.42万人居新一线城市第一位,也居全国所有城市第一位。 ]

In addition to first-tier cities, new first-tier cities are also key areas for current population influx.

Based on the data from the seventh national census, a reporter from China Business News analyzed the total population of 15 new first-tier cities and their ten-year changes and found that 11 of the 15 new first-tier cities have a permanent resident population exceeding 10 million. The remaining four cities also exceeded 9 million; in the past ten years, Chengdu has the largest population increase, and Xi’an has the highest growth rate.

According to the “2021 City Business Charm Ranking List” recently released by China Business News and the New First-tier Cities Research Institute, Chengdu, Hangzhou, Chongqing, Xi’an, Suzhou, Wuhan, Nanjing, Tianjin, Zhengzhou, Changsha, Dongguan, Foshan, Ningbo, Qingdao and Shenyang has become a new first-tier city in 2021.

11 new first-tier cities over 10 million

The data shows that among the 15 cities, 11 cities have permanent residents exceeding the 10 million mark, namely Chongqing, Chengdu, Tianjin, Xi’an, Suzhou, Zhengzhou, Wuhan, Hangzhou, Dongguan, Qingdao and Changsha. Two of these cities exceed 20 million, namely Chongqing and Chengdu in the southwest.

Chongqing, a municipality directly under the Central Government, ranks first among the new first-tier cities with 3,205,200 people, and it also ranks first among all cities in the country. The total area of ​​Chongqing reaches 82,400 square kilometers, which is equivalent to a medium-sized province. According to the Communiqué of the Seventh National Census of Chongqing issued by the Chongqing Municipal Bureau of Statistics, by region, the permanent population of the main urban area is 21.122 million, accounting for 65.90%, of which the permanent population of the central urban area is 10.343 million, accounting for 32.27%. The permanent population of the main city new area is 10.7789 million, accounting for 33.63%; the permanent population of the urban group in the Three Gorges reservoir area in northeast Chongqing is 8.0646 million, accounting for 25.16%; the permanent population of the urban group in the Wuling mountainous area in southeast Chongqing is 2,867,200, accounting for 8.94%.

Apart from Chongqing, the permanent resident population of Chengdu, another major city in the southwest region, exceeded the 20 million mark, reaching 20.938 million, ranking second among the new first-tier cities and fourth among all cities, surpassing the two cities of Guangzhou and Shenzhen. A first-tier city.

The permanent resident population of Tianjin, a municipality directly under the Central Government, reached 13.8661 million, ranking third in the new first-tier cities. Since then, Xi’an, Suzhou, Zhengzhou, and Wuhan are all in the 12 million echelon. Among them, Zhengzhou’s performance is quite interesting, with its total population surpassing Wuhan, the “nine province thoroughfare”, and becoming the most populous city in central China.

The total population of Hangzhou is also close to 12 million, closely following Wuhan. Tang Hairu, deputy chairman of the Expert Committee of Hangzhou Planning Commission, analyzed by China Business News that the rapid population growth of Hangzhou is mainly due to the rapid development of the new economy and digital economy in recent years, which provides more development opportunities.

At the end of May, the Hangzhou Municipal Bureau of Planning and Natural Resources issued the “Hangzhou Municipal Land and Space Master Plan (2021-2035)” (draft), proposing that by 2035, the permanent population will be around 15 million, and the service and management population will be around 20 million. .

Dongguan, Qingdao and Changsha are new members of the ranks of cities with a population of tens of millions. Among them, Dongguan has become the third most populous city in Guangdong Province with a permanent population of more than 10 million after Guangzhou and Shenzhen. Peng Peng, executive chairman of the Guangdong Institutional Reform Research Association, analyzed the report of China Business News that Shenzhen is small in size and has many functions. In the past, the area around Dongguan and Shenzhen was relatively prosperous, with developed industries and a large population. Many people from Shenzhen came to live there. In recent years, under the impetus of Huawei, the Songshan Lake Industrial Park has risen, which has led to a huge increase in the population of the surrounding areas.

In addition to the 11 cities with a population of 10 million, the four cities of Foshan, Ningbo, Nanjing and Shenyang are below the 10 million mark, but they all exceed 9 million. These cities are also important reserves for my country’s cities with a population of 10 million in the future.

Among them, Nanjing has a population of 9,314,700. It is currently the only city with a permanent population of less than 10 million among the top ten cities in my country’s economic aggregate. In the future, Nanjing still needs to continue to expand and strengthen the central city platform and enhance the provincial capital. The primacy of the city.

Chengdu has the largest increase and Xi’an has the fastest growth

Judging from the changes in the past ten years, 13 of the 15 cities have increased their permanent population by more than 1 million people, and 10 of them have increased by more than 2 million people. The top three cities in terms of increase are all national centers. city.

Chengdu ranked first in terms of increase. Compared with the sixth national census in 2010, the permanent resident population of Chengdu increased by 5.8189 million. Among all cities in the country, this increase is second only to the first-tier cities Shenzhen and Guangzhou, ranking third. In the past ten years, the population of Sichuan Province has further gathered in Chengdu, the first city, and the proportion of Chengdu’s population in Sichuan Province has increased from 18.8% in 2010 to 25.02%.

An analysis by the Chengdu Bureau of Statistics pointed out that since the first national census in 1953, the total permanent population of Chengdu has continued to rise, and the average annual growth rate in the past ten years has ranked first among all censuses. The continuous improvement of Chengdu’s population attractiveness and agglomeration is in line with the improvement of the city’s energy level, fully demonstrating the city’s strong attractiveness, and in recent years, Chengdu has continued to promote the overall transformation of urban function positioning, business logic, and governance methods, and accelerate Optimizing the urban spatial structure, continuously improving the environment for entrepreneurship and employment, and accelerating the construction of high-quality livable places are closely related.

After Chengdu, Xi’an, another western city, increased its population by 4,485,100 in ten years, ranking second among new first-tier cities and fourth among all cities in the country. In terms of growth rate, Xi’an’s population has increased by 52.97% over the past ten years, leading the way among the 15 new first-tier cities and is the only city with an increase of more than 50%.

Zhang Baotong, president of the Shaanxi Urban Economic and Cultural Research Association, analyzed to a reporter from China Business News that in recent years, Xixian New District has been under the management of Xi’an, and Xi’an has been very active in attracting investment. After many big projects have come, talents have also gathered. At the same time, Xi’an vigorously opened up the threshold for settlement and attracted quite a few talents. In addition, as the leading city in the Northwest, Xi’an has no central city in its surrounding area that can rival Xi’an. Xi’an has a strong agglomeration capacity for surrounding areas.

According to Zhang Baotong’s analysis, Xi’an’s higher education strength is very strong, ranking among the top in the country, and national defense technology is leading the country. However, due to the lagging development of the private economy, many of Xi’an’s scientific research results have been transformed in Guangdong and the Yangtze River Delta. Therefore, Xi’an must accelerate the development of private technology in order to better undertake and integrate.

The permanent resident population of Zhengzhou, another national central city, increased by 3.97 million from 2010, ranking third among 15 new first-tier cities, with a ten-year growth of 46.07%, and ranking second among 15 cities.

Henan, where Zhengzhou is located, is the province with the largest registered population in my country, with a registered population of over 100 million and a permanent population of 99.36 million. As the provincial capital, Zhengzhou has a large economic hinterland. After 2008, the Zhengzhou Airport Economic Zone has achieved rapid development through the creation of airport economic industries. The rapid development of the industry has attracted the population to gather in Zhengzhou.

The permanent population of Changsha has grown by 42.64% in ten years, ranking third among the 15 cities. The proportion of the total population in Hunan Province has increased from 10.72% to 15.12%, an increase of 4.4%.

Researcher Tong Zhongxian, director of the Urban Development Research Center of Hunan Academy of Social Sciences, analyzed that the rapid population growth of Changsha is related to the rapid development of equipment manufacturing, cultural and entertainment industries in Changsha in recent years. Industrial development has provided a large number of employment opportunities and attracted population inflows from surrounding areas.

Take the equipment manufacturing industry as an example. In recent years, equipment manufacturing companies such as Sany Heavy Industry, Zoomlion, and Sunward Intelligent have emerged in Changsha. In the cultural industry, Changsha has also produced Internet celebrity brands such as Cha Yan Yue Se.

In addition, in the past ten years, the increase in permanent residents in the three cities of Hangzhou, Chongqing and Changsha has exceeded the 3 million mark; the increase in Wuhan, Foshan, Suzhou and Dongguan has exceeded 2 million.