Home Business It is getting harder and harder to recruit workers in the manufacturing...

It is getting harder and harder to recruit workers in the manufacturing industry. Where are the young people going?


Image source: Tuworm Creative

A friend contacted me the day before yesterday and asked if there were anyone in my hometown who needed to find a job. Their company recruited a lot of people and lamented how difficult it is for companies to recruit workers.

When I saw that the company was producing mobile phone parts, it was in Changsha, and it recruited a lot of people, I guessed it was Lens Technology. I clicked on the recruitment enlightenment she sent, and it turned out to be.

This article is not a recruitment advertisement of Lens Technology, so I also concealed the QR code. I just wrote an article.

Lens Technology is a well-known high-tech enterprise in the country. It mainly develops and produces touch screens and other protective panels for mobile phones and other digital products. It has tens of thousands of employees.

Such high-tech companies are caught in the dilemma of “difficulty in recruiting”. In fact, from the perspective of the packaged treatment provided by the company, the overall treatment is quite good. The total monthly salary is 5,000-7,000 yuan, and the comprehensive annual salary is 60,000-80,000 yuan. Insurance and housing fund, free accommodation, subsidies for meals, and welfare are also pretty good. It can be said that the current manufacturing companies are also full of sincerity.

I searched the recruitment salary of Changsha company’s white-collar workers on several recruitment websites, and found that compared with blue-collar workers, the salary of white-collar workers has no advantages or even disadvantages:

Searching for “clerk” in 58 same city has the following results:

The most popular “e-commerce” in Zhaolian Recruitment Search nowadays has the following results:

The most popular “e-commerce” searched by 51job has the following results:

I found that these so-called “white-collar” positions are mostly paid in the range of three to four thousand, four to five thousand, which is not higher than the salary also offered by Lansi Technology in Changsha, but Lansi Technology provides free accommodation and provides Meal supplements are 13 yuan/day, and companies that recruit young white-collar workers generally do not provide accommodation and meal supplements. In this way, Lens Technology’s comprehensive salary is obviously more advantageous.

In terms of entry thresholds, the recruitment of young white-collar positions is basically a junior college start, and Lansi Technology’s recruitment requirements are: no gender limit, meet the legal employment age (meaning that it must be middle-aged or older), have no physical disabilities, and have flexible hands and feet. Have basic literacy skills, and be able to do simple arithmetic. For this requirement, it is also specified that “Remote and poor areas outside the province can be appropriately relaxed). The recruitment requirements of Lens Technology can be simply understood as as long as they are not disabled or stupid, have complete hands and feet, and are able to engage in manual labor. Absolutely. It is said that the zero threshold is for the jobs of the lowest-level workers.

However, the current situation is that manufacturing companies like Lens Technology cannot recruit people, and there is fierce competition for small white-collar jobs with a monthly salary of three or four thousand. As the online paragraph put it: “It is impossible to hire migrant workers with a monthly salary of 3,000. You can only recruit college students.” Although this sentence is a joke, it is also an apt description of the current social situation.

My family recently bought two air conditioners. The air conditioner was given by a middle-aged couple. I asked them if they could make a net profit of 300 yuan per person a day. The man said “almost” without even thinking about it. According to the humble character of the Chinese, I think I must say it low. Even if 300 yuan a day, 4 days off in a month, 26 days off, the monthly salary is 7800 yuan, not to mention that they are a couple. The main task of the wife should be to “cheer” the husband. The husband may be the only person who really puts out the energy. The combination of two people has an income of about 16,000 yuan a month. This income can kill most of the small white-collar workers in Changsha City. As for this income, it is calculated on a 26-day basis, which is also a regular basis. Now 996 has almost become the standard for Internet companies, and small white-collar workers can only take 4 days a month.

You don’t need to doubt my estimate. This figure can only be small, not high. On June 18th, Liu Qiangdong, the founder of JD.com, wrote a letter to shareholders entitled “Keep Your Heart in Awe and Eternal Feelings” all over the Internet. The highlights are:

“In 2020, JD Logistics Group will spend an average of nearly 110,000 yuan on each front-line employee. Their income is enough to support a family’s livelihood. Not only in large cities such as Beijing, Shanghai, and Shenzhen, but also in the northeast and northwestern provinces. Many couriers can earn more than 10,000 yuan a month.”

Because of this passage, when many media reported this incident, the headline of the news was “Liu Qiangdong sent a letter to shareholders: Many JD couriers can earn more than 10,000 yuan a month in the Northeast.”

In addition to the delivery, the air conditioner installation also earns a lot. Each air conditioner has an overhead fee of 150 yuan, Jingdong subsidies installation fee of 60 yuan, a bracket 80 yuan, a pipeline extension of 100 yuan/meter, and my air conditioner pipeline is extended by 1.5 meters. Receive 150 yuan. I paid more than 700 yuan for the installation of two air conditioners, plus JD’s 120 yuan installation subsidy, it’s 880 yuan. After deducting material costs and company commissions, the money that fell into the hands of these two installers should be a lot. . The key is that the installation takes only one or two hours, so they can do at least 4 orders a day for such installation, and the income is considerable. Of course, this matter is hard and dangerous. But only in terms of remuneration, social remuneration for manual workers is still acceptable.

I think of talking to the masters when we were decorating our home. The daily salary of the woodworkers and masons is quite high, at least 500 yuan a day. Even the master who laid wooden floors in our house said that he was 12,000 yuan a month, one for the previous company. Only 10,000 yuan a month, he quit. I have always doubted this master’s words, because I think that compared to tile laying, laying wooden floors does not seem to require too high technology. If the salary is so high, wouldn’t a large number of people enter the industry?

Judging from the phenomenon of “Little white-collar workers with a monthly salary of 3,000 or 4,000 yuan walking all over the street, and the anchors who rewarded three or five yuan on the Internet,” it seems that young people are really unwilling to engage in manual labor. Therefore, the key reason for the difficulty in employment in my country’s manufacturing industry may not be the low wages of manufacturing companies, but the contempt of manual labor by young people.

Some people say that the reason for the difficulty in recruiting workers in manufacturing companies is that the high incomes of express delivery, food delivery, and open Didi attract young people. There must be a reason for this, but the labor absorbed by these three types of jobs is limited, not to mention that these jobs are not easy to do. In April this year, there was a hot news on the whole network: the director of Beijing made 41 yuan for delivering food for 12 hours. In the documentary “I’m the Director of Practical Affairs for the Masses” broadcast by Beijing Satellite TV, the deputy director of the Labor Relations Department of the Beijing Municipal Bureau of Human Resources and Social Security experienced a day of life as a delivery worker. During the 12 hours of continuous work, Wang Lin, the director Send out 5 orders for takeaway, only made 41 yuan. Chief Wang, who was tired and slumped on the road, said with emotion: “It’s really not easy. I feel very wronged. I made so little money after running for so long today, which is so far from my goal of 100 yuan. Many.” It can be seen that these jobs are not easy to start.

Calculated on the basis of the actual number of births in the past years in my country, at least 15 million new laborers enter the labor market every year. A small number of highly educated people have entered the system and large companies. Those with average academic qualifications have entered the labor market. Express delivery, food delivery, real estate intermediary and other industries, but the above destinations must only account for a small part of the newly-increased employment population, so where do most people go? How much does it flow into the manufacturing industry?

I think the current social climate is to depreciate physical labor and get something for nothing, make young people very impetuous, and gradually disintegrate people’s belief in “working hard to get rich.” It is not so much that express delivery and food delivery have raised the income expectations of young people. It is better to say that Douyin and Kuaishou have abolished the belief that young people are hardworking and get rich. A large number of young people would rather idle away than enter the manufacturing industry. It is not because the manufacturing industry is too hard or the manufacturing industry does not make money, but because the whole society’s contempt for manufacturing and the impetuous atmosphere corrode young people.

A certain city in my hometown in Gansu is a place where quick internet celebrities can be found. In the past few years, when I went back to the village, I saw people using smartphones in the village watching live internet celebrities. In the past few years, there was an internet celebrity who didn’t have any talents, just take The boss dug cave dwellings in the mountains, and just that, he dug up millions of fans, digging for money, and became a local celebrity and monopoly. His success made everyone green with envy. Of course, this internet celebrity was later banned by the platform due to violations.

After this internet celebrity was banned, another internet celebrity in the same city got up. This internet celebrity didn’t have any talents. He just took a donkey and walked around the village every day. That’s it, he actually made nearly 15 million. Fans.

Every night, the villagers hold their mobile phones to watch these Internet celebrities connect PK, and calculate how much money each of them makes. In other words, these Internet celebrities can really make money, making money is the same as printing money, and the key is that they have no talent at all, and they are ordinary like everyone in the village. The cousin who opened the restaurant complained indignantly: “People don’t know how to make money for several years in one night. What’s the point of our exhausted life?”

The overnight richness created by the webcast stimulates every young person. Young people will think that the threshold for overnight richness is so low, why don’t I try? Look at the teams or individuals who are engaged in live broadcast on Douyin and Kuaishou. There are no talents who only rely on pretending to be foolish to ask for rewards. Ten years ago, these young people were all laborers in the manufacturing industry!

In fact, I am not opposed to grassroots live broadcasting to become rich. On the contrary, I think it is good for grassroots to get rich overnight. The key is that this ratio is too low. A small group of people at the top of the pyramid became rich overnight through live broadcasting. This demonstration effect has caused more and more young people to abandon their normal work and join the live broadcasting team. Most of the rewards earned by most people are estimated to be difficult even to eat. .

Therefore, the impetuous social atmosphere makes young people look down on work more and more. They want to make money easily by typing on the keyboard or facing the camera. However, at this stage, our social strength does not allow so many people to use this method. Survive!

A large number of young people do not work, which is not only the tragedy of the times, but also the tragedy of the young people themselves. The state must do a good job in labor education and related guidance.

With the development of society and the improvement of people’s income levels, children from the low-income class, especially those from rural families, have generally begun to receive education above junior high school. Some go to vocational high school and some go to higher vocational school. In higher vocational education, there is no good employment guidance and job connection. We just circle students in the school for three to five years. If the circle is enough to issue a graduation certificate, it will be over. The employment rate or something, just create some data. No one really cares about the employment of these young people.

The problem caused by this kind of extensive education is that the academic certificate has a high degree of education, but the technical skills and comprehensive ability are far behind. It is difficult to find a suitable position in the society and go to the factory. Go up the assembly line, and feel that the factory has a zero threshold for employment, and I have a college diploma in hand, and I have been succumbing to talent. Find a job for college students, it’s hard to find. Wandering around, forced by life, some even started some illegal or gray industries such as pyramid schemes and telecommunications fraud, causing many problems to the society.

Therefore, my country’s vocational education must be deeply reformed. The direction of the reform is what I proposed in (the article is divided into two parts, the second part is OK):

1. Cancel the policy of “1:1 for general job diversion” upon graduation from junior high school, and universalize general high school education in an all-round way. Let the children go to high school as much as possible, and use the high school diploma as the basic diploma for the young people in the future. Vocational high schools can keep a small part of it, so that children who don’t want to go to general high schools have the right to go to vocational high schools.

2. Implement 12 years of compulsory education, 6 years of elementary school + 3 years of junior high school + 3 years of high school, cancel the high school entrance examination, and implement nearby enrollment at all stages. Pay attention to the “nanny function” of education for minors, use school education to supervise each child to adulthood, and then use the college entrance examination for stratification when the child is 18 years old, and not stratify at a young age to reduce the pressure on children and parents. Let the children grow up calmly, and let the parents calmly give birth.

3. When graduating from high school, ordinary universities enroll about 50% of students for general undergraduate education; the other half of the students are free to participate in open vocational education. Let young people read while working, look for professional interests at work, and freely learn the vocational skills they need based on their professional interests. This will release tens of millions of laborers from vocational colleges, which will greatly ease the current recruitment difficulties.

4. Vocational education takes “open education + social schooling” as the basic top-level design, allowing technological enterprises to join in, and using market forces to promote the efficient development of vocational education. For example, high-tech companies such as Lens Technology can have the right to participate in vocational education. They can directly recruit students from junior and high school students, half-day work and half-day classes, exemption of tuition fees, and payment of wages. The state changes education funding to completion. Educational rewards per student. In this way, the company solved the labor problem, the bottom family solved the tuition problem, and the students had a place to practice. More importantly, the youths were educated through labor through real production, so that they could feel the gains through labor. The pleasure of remuneration, this sense of gain will make them less repulsive of manufacturing and manual labor.

I have a basis for saying this. My brother’s children went to public higher vocational colleges for three years. The so-called majors were of no use at all, and they didn’t do professional counterparts when they came out. Not to mention the poor teaching quality at school, there is no arranged internship unit, and basically there is no employment guidance. Children in the village are a little timid when they enter the big city. When they have low diplomas and stable jobs, they become even more timid. If this timidity cannot be eliminated, it will be difficult to follow the road in the future.

The situation of my little niece who went to a private vocational high school in the local area was a bit different. At first, I complained that my second elder brother didn’t find a public college, but in the first year, I was impressed. The school allocates the total internship time before graduation to each year. The internship time is three months each year. The internship is a formal large-scale manufacturing enterprise that the school has unified and unified. It will be in Suzhou at the end of 2019 and Shenzhen at the end of 2020. It is the Chinese New Year. Three months before and after. These children are brought to the factory by the school, including food and housing, and they can still earn about 4,000 yuan a month. Three months is a net income of 10,000 yuan. Basically, one year’s living expenses are earned.

Two days ago, I talked to my second brother on the phone. He said that his daughter didn’t have to pay for living this semester, and that she made enough money by herself. In my opinion, this is not a question of money, but a little girl from a northwest village. She stayed in Suzhou for three months and Shenzhen for three months. I don’t know which city I will go to this year. These few big cities Her work experience has allowed her to meet the world, which is very good for her own urbanization.

We have seen that some public vocational colleges are also undergoing reforms. However, under the current vocational education system that “takes vocational education as the reality of academic education”, it is difficult to reform and explore individual colleges and universities. What’s improving. The country has high hopes for the development of vocational education, but it is impossible to achieve results that meet expectations under the current system. It is hoped that relevant departments can make strides in reforms, and have some measures in line with the status quo to solve real problems in terms of cultivating youth labor skills and cultivating youth labor awareness.

Vocational education reform needs to combine reality and make a scientific layout. As long as you leaned down and surveyed companies and students, you would definitely be able to find a suitable method.

About the author: Yang Sheng, a college teacher, likes to write.

This article is reproduced from the WeChat public account “Growing in Composition” (ID: lvshicai8), author Yang Sheng. The article is the author’s independent point of view and does not represent the position of the mustard pile. Please contact the original author for reprinting.